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PARASITOLOGY

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SVB006

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Academic year 2015/2016

Teacher
Dott. Marco Albonico (Lecturer)
Type
Elective
Credits/Recognition
4
Course disciplinary sector (SSD)
VET/06 - parassitologia e malattie parassitarie degli animali
Delivery
Formal authority
Language
English
Attendance
Lessons optional and laboratories mandatory
Type of examination
Oral
Prerequisites
Basic knowledge in general biology
Basic knowledge in zoology, epidemiology, immunology, pathogenesis, public health
Interest in international health
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Sommario del corso

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Course objectives

The teaching objectives are to illustrate through the biological cycles and the host-parasite interactions the evolution, epidemiology, pathogenesis and immunology of the most important parasitic diseases of humans with  hints on clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects.  The teaching wish to stimulate the students to deep their knowledge on different topics of parasitology through the lens of history, biology, pharmacology, economy and human development, and of international health themes of global relevance. 

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Results of learning outcomes

Parasitology is a discipline which demands a multi-disciplinary approach. Parasites, in fact, are an hazard for human and animal health, can be transmitted by insect vectors, and their transmission is often due to insufficient hygienic-sanitary conditions. This is confirmed by the fact that these infections hit mainly countries with limited resources, lacking a sewage system and proper sanitation facilities, access to safe water and with a warm  and tropical climate. This situation is worsened by the vicious cycle poverty-disease.  Parasitic diseases have had and still have a huge social burden and their control is one of the worldwide challenges to improve the health and development of entire  communities. Parasitology is fascinating because goes beyond the relation between a host and a parasite and entangles aspects of anthropology, social sciences, public health, environment, human and veterinary medicine, and, ultimately the economic and human development.  

The teaching of parasitology is of fundamental importance for the student who wish to approach  these global challenges  and also for those who plan to look for a professional occupation in Italy, being parasitic diseases emerging or-remerging associated to travels and population migrations. The aim of the course is therefore to complement a traditional approach  in which the students are introduced to the world of parasites and their diseases describing the general aspects, from the epidemiology to the diagnosis, with a particular focus to up-to-date hot topics like migrations movements, new technologies, epidemics and drug resistance. The special part of parasitology teaching deals with the specific host-parasite interaction for the main species which are pathogens to humans, the biological hazard for the host, and explores in details the big endemic parasitic diseases and the public health aspects related to their control in endemic communities. The lecturer will try to transfer his experience of parasitologist and expert in international health acquired during years of work in developing countries where parasites are endemic.

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Learning assessment methods

Oral interview  

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Program

Argomento

Ore

Lez.

Ore

Esercit.

Data

Ora

Sede

OSPITE - PARASSITA: EVOLUZIONE, ADATTAMENTO, SIMBIOSI.

E’ nato prima l’ospite o il parassita? 

IMMUNO PARASSITOLOGIA

Parassiti, citochine e ricerca di punta

 

 

1

 

1

 

 

3/3

 

11-13

 

Aula 5

Via Accademia  Albertina

EPIDEMIOLOGIA 1

La mappa del mondo secondo i parassiti. Malattie parassitarie: causa/effetto della povertà

EPIDEMIOLOGIA 2

Micro e macro parassiti, carica parassitaria.  Anche i parassiti viaggiano

 

1

 

 

1

 

 

10/3

 

9-11

Aula 5

Via Accademia  Albertina

FARMACI ANTIPARASSITARI E RESISTENZE 

Chi resiste di più

 

2

 

 

10/3

 

11-13

Aula 5

via Accademia  Albertina

ENTOMOLOGIA 1

I vettori volanti: zanzare, mosche, flebotomi   ENTOMOLOGIA  2

I vettori terrestri: pulci, zecche, cimici, pidocchi

 

1

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

31/3

 

11-13

Aula 5

via Accademia  Albertina

TECNICHE DI DIAGNOSTICA PARASSITOLOGICA

Dal vetrino alla PCR

Update sulla diagnostica molecolare 

 

1

1

 

7/4

9-11

 Laboratorio didattico, cortile (corso Raffaello)

DIAGNOSI DIRETTA DI LABORATORIO

Il microscopio: questo sconosciuto 

ENTOMOLOGIA PRATICA

 

 

 

1

1

 

7/4

 

11-13

Laboratorio didattico, cortile (corso Raffaello)

TRIPANOSOMI

Americani e africani

 

2

 

 

14/4

 

11-13

Aula 5

via Accademia  Albertina

LEISHMANIA, TOXOPLASMOSI

I parassiti “nostrani”

 

2

 

 

21/4

 

11-13

Aula 5

via Accademia  Albertina

MALARIA

The big killer

Esercitazioni

 

2

 

 

2

 

28/4

28/4

 

9-11

11-13

Laboratorio didattico, cortile (corso Raffaello)

AMEBE, GIARDIA CRIPTOSPORIDI, ISOSPORA, MICROSPORIDI

I protozoi e la diarrea

Esercitazioni

 

 

2

 

 

 

2

 

 

12/5

12/5

 

 

9-11

11-13

Laboratorio didattico, cortile (corso Raffaello)

NEMATODI INTESTINALI, FILARIE, SCHISTOSOMI

I parassiti dimenticati

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

19/5

 

 

11-13

 

Aula 5

via Accademia  Albertina

TENIE

Cisti e cisticerchi

 

2

 

 

26/5

 

9-11

Laboratorio didattico, cortile (corso Raffaello)

ELMINTI

Esercitazione

 

2

26/5

11-13

Laboratorio didattico, cortile (corso Raffaello)

CONTROLLO E PREVENZIONE

Caso didattico. Zanzibar esperienza di un laboratorio di salute pubblica

 

 

 

 

2

 

9/6

 

11-13

Aula 5

via Accademia  Albertina

Suggested readings and bibliography

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The teaching material and content presented and discussed during the lectures is available on University website in Cell Biology under the topic  Course of General  and human Parasitology.

The text recommended for the training is :
Ivo de Carneri “Parassitologia medica e diagnostica parassitologica” Casa Editrice Ambrosiana

The use and reading of the following texts is an added advantage for more detailed knowledge and insights:
District Laboratory Practice in Tropical Countries, Cheesbrough, Ed. Tropical health technology

Basic laboratory methods in medical parasitology, OMS Ginevra

Atlas of Medical Parasitology, www.cdfound.to.it, Editor P. Caramello

The following websites could be  of interest:

www.who.int
www.simetweb.it
www.gnntdc.sabin.org
www.ilgirodelmondo.it
www.cdfound.to.it
www.cdc.gov
www.tropicalmed.eu



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Note

The course is hold every other year and therefore gathers students of the 1st and 2nd year.   

The participants who are particularly motivated and interested to develop topics of parasitology for their thesis  may be followed and supervised in stages according to the availability of time and resources of the lecturer.

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Last update: 20/05/2016 11:37
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